London1980 tpt covers

London 1980 Stamp Exhibition
Mail for the Armed Services : Postal and Courier Services

I came across this set of envelopes in a box of miscellaneous items, and cannot remember when or why I would have bought them. They are obviously publicity for that huge philatelic exhibition held in London. I have all the stamps and miniature sheets issued for that event, so these must be related. All the covers have an illustrated portion relevant to one form of mail service, and a different post mark, each of which includes the wording British Forces Postal Service and with the number 1681 in a box at the base of the hexagonal postmark. Each cover has details of how the cover was transported from place of origin to the Exhibition at Earls Court London, and a backstamp to show the date of arrival.


The London 1980 Stamp Exhibition also introduced the idea of a miniature sheet of stamps from the British Post Office, and the reason for this was explained on the backing sheet for each of them.

The British Post Office has agreed to help the London 1980 Exhibition by providing means of financial support. The whole of the premium on each sheet (the amount in excess of the face value of the four stamps) will be available to help finance the 1980 Exhibition; any money not required for this purpose will be put into a special fund for philately. The first miniature sheet issued contained the four stamps of the 1978 British Architecture, Historic Buildings set issued on March 1978.

So from my calculations each one of this miniature sheet sold would have been a donation of 10p to the fund.


These covers showing the postal and courier services for the Armed Services all have the same insert, but in a different coloured printing. All of this information is copied from this insert, and I have separated the paragraphs with the covers, but in date order, not necessarily fitting in with the text. This Forces mail information was all new to me, and I found it really interesting.

As far back as 1799, a need for a Postal Service for the troops in the field was considered to be essential. It was not however, until 1808 during the Peninsular War that the first Army Base Post Office was put into operation. Apart from this first Army Base Post Office and another in 1840, in the first Chinese War, no proper postal service generally available for troops had ever been put into operation.

On the 22nd July 1882, Queen Victoria authorised the formation of the Post Office Corps which was formed from the 24th Battalion Middlesex Volunteers for service in the Egyptian and Sudanese campaigns. The Post Office Corps was then followed by a second Army Postal Corps called the Royal Engineers Telegraph Reserve. In 1889 both reserve Corps were re-organised into two supplementary companies to give an efficient Postal and Telegraph Service during the South African War. 1908 saw a further re-organisation of the two reserve companies when they amalgamated into the Royal Engineers (Postal Section) &endash; RE (PS).

by ship

11th March 1980

This cover showed a sailing ship compared with HMS TARTAR, and had a back stamp of the Commanding Officer of that vessel.
The RE (PS) served during the First World War in France, Belgium, the Dardanelles, Egypt, Palestine, East Africa, Greece, Italy and North Russia. The ingenuity and resourcefulness of RE (PS) personnel was unlimited. As well as by conventional means mail was transported by mule, sleigh, trawler, mine sweeper, in fact any form of transport available at the time.

The Home Postal Depot was formed in 1914 to fulfil two functions. Firstly, it served as a central sorting and distribution point for all forces mails, and secondly, for the training of RE (PS) personnel.

From 1918 until 1929 a nucleus of RE (PS) remained in the Army of the Rhine until it was withdrawn in 1929, whilst a detachment also operated in North Russia during the period 1918-19.

During 1918 experiments were carried out using modified aircraft for transporting troops mail by air. As the test proved successful the first regular airmail service from Folkestone to Cologne was set up in March 1919 to provide the British troops in Germany with a fast mail service. This was the world’s first scheduled airmail service. Due to the success of the Army airmail service, the system was adopted by civil Post Offices world wide.


by train

12th March 1980

The text on this cover was a very faded ink, and not well struck, so this is the best I could reproduce


The Second World War saw the RE (PS) serving on all fronts worldwide and also detached with forward troops. During that war it was held by a famous Commander, that his troops could march for three or four days without food on the strength of one letter.

The RE (PS) personnel landed with the Sixth Airborne Division by parachute and glider during the opening of the second front, and postal personnel were amongst the sea assault troops with the Fifth and Sixth Beach Brigades. Field Post Offices were established on the beach&endash;head within hours of arrival.

by cycle

17 March 1980


With the inclusion of British troops as part of the United Nations Forces in the Korean War in 1950, RE (PS) played its part in the support role to two British Brigades and with a line of Communications Unit in Japan. In the early fifties the formation of NATO, SHAPE, HQ ALFCE and HQ AAFCE saw the reintroduction of Postal Units in France.

by foot messenger

21st March 1980


The withdrawal of British troops from Egypt meant the transfer of the Middle East Command to Cyprus and the establishment of units in Aden and Tripoli. It soon became apparent that the RE (PS) provided a higher standard of service than that of their civilian counterparts with the consequent demand from Commands for BFPOs to serve in all overseas Commands.

by motor vehicle

25th March, 1980


An experiment was tried in 1953 whereby the Army Postal Service undertook the responsibility for the transmission of classified mail in BAOR. By gradual progress the transmission of classified mails worldwide was transferred to the RE (PS), a service which parallels itself in, but separate from, the mail service.

by hot air balloon

28 March,1980


Following the consolidation of the Service, in the fifties, the RE (PS) by now RE(Postal and Courier communications), became organic to every field formation.

by hovercraft

4th April, 1980


In 1962 the Home Postal Depot moved its location from Acton to its present location in Mill Hill and accepted the responsibility of the HM Ships mail from the civil post office, thus the RE (PCC) became a Tri-Service organisation, (having previously accepted responsibility for RAF mails) and an international military service with its units in NATO.

by helicopter

11th April, 1980


1974 brought the rationalisation of the UK Forces Courier Services and the introduction of Courier Wing within the Home PCC Depot RE. This Wing accepted the transmission of all classified documents carriage within UK in addition to the existing worldwide service.

Further reorganisation took place in 1979 to form the Forces Postal and Courier Service into four PC Regiments and the Depot at Mill Hill re-named Postal and Courier Depot RE.

by parachute

18 April,1980


in 1980 RE (PC) personnel will be found serving in UK, including Northern Ireland, Canada, Belize, Kenya, Brunei, HongKong, Korea, Thailand, Nepal, Cyprus, Italy, Sardinia, Gibraltar, Portugal, Germany, Belgium, Holland and Norway all with the express intention of providing a service par excellence to the members of the three Armed Services.

by horse


by Concorde

7th May, 1980


backstamps 7th May, 1980

this cover had the usual backstamp to show the date of receipt, but also two very poorly applied pictorial cancels for the concorde terminals at New York and London Heathrow.

Because I am a real fan of the Concorde aircraft, I have included this image, which has nothing to do with these covers, but was taken of the final flight, escorted by the Red Arrows, the R.A.F. aerobatics flight team.

Concorde


These are the other two miniature sheets issued to help fund the cost of the Stamp Exhibition. The second one was issued 22nd August 1979, and contained the stamps to mark the centenary of the Death of Sir Rowland Hill, and the surcharge was 10p. The third miniature sheet was issued 9th April 1980 and showed the historic buildings in London, the 50p value stamp of that set. The surcharge for this was 25p.

   


I think that there were 12 in this set of covers, so if any visitor to the site knows of another one, I would be delighted to hear of it.

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